NNPC, Shell, ExxonMobil considering crude-for-product swaps
The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation has said it can sign crude-for-product deals with Shell and ExxonMobil, similar to the one signed with BP last week.
The NNPC announced last Wednesday that it had signed such a deal with BP and would provide more details later.
“Unfortunately, Shell and ExxonMobil exited the downstream sector in Nigeria a couple of years ago but they are coming back for this particular arrangement, because it’s an opportunity for them to get crude and sell their products to the refineries,” the Chief Operating Officer, Upstream, NNPC, Bello Rabiu, was quoted by Reuters as saying on the sidelines of an African oil and gas conference in Cape Town, South Africa.
The NNPC imports about 70 per cent of the nation’s fuel needs, mainly petrol, via swap contracts. The corporation has contracts, known as direct sale direct purchase agreements, with 10 consortiums, including trading houses Vitol, Trafigura, Mercuria and Total.
It extended the existing contracts to June 2019 but several trading sources in the consortiums said they had requested new price terms.
Rabiu said the NNPC hoped in 2019 to emulate savings of around $1bn seen in 2016 with its crude-for-product swaps, which he said would likely end once the nation’s refineries were revamped.
“If our refineries are back, which we want in the next 18 months, this thing will stop. So, all these things are just stop-gap measures, but the key issue is that we wanted to import at the least cost before our refineries come back on stream,” he added.
According to the report, the NNPC is in the final stages of talks with consortiums including top traders, energy majors and oil services companies to revamp its long-neglected oil refineries in an effort to reduce its reliance on imported fuel.
“It is on track and I believe if we don’t sign a final deal (on the project to upgrade refineries) this month of November, we will surely sign in December,” Rabiu said.